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ULTIMAX - the market leader in digital CCTV recording
Library archives.
The information contained herein may be outdated.
ULTIMAX-716 has won a prestigious award - Gold Medal of Intertelecom 2008 for the best product
ULTIMAX is a series of 3rd generation digital video recorders, with implemented, so far the most efficient, H.264 compression. This type of deep compression is characterized by capability of providing good video quality at substantially lower bitrates than the previous standards. The standard was developed jointly in a partnership of VCEG and MPEG, and is marked as H.264/AVC, AVC/H.264, H.264/MPEG-4 AVC, or MPEG-4/H.264 AVC (AVC - Advanced Video Coding).
Network digital video recorders of ULTIMAX series are excellent digital surveillance products. Equipped with embedded MCU and dedicated real-time operating system (RTOS), they combine the most advanced electronic and computer technologies, such as efficient video and audio encoding/decoding, hard disk recording (support of virtually unlimited disc capacity), and TCP/IP protocols. The firmware is stored in flash memory, and can be easily updated.
Any device from the ULTIMAX series has both the features of a digital video recorder (DVR) and digital video server (DVS). It can work as stand-alone device, or be used to build powerful surveillance networks, widely used in banks, telecommunication companies, transportation, factories, warehouses etc.
The DVRs, being very versatile, support many special functions allowing cooperation with POS terminals, ATM/cash machines etc.

Network DVR: ULTIMAX-716 (H.264, 16 channels)
ULTIMAX-716 M77160
The basic criterion for actual quality of video monitoring system is ability of identifying people from the recorded video data and possibility of handing over the archives on original storage media for legal proceedings. ULTIMAX 7xx DVRs fulfill state requirements for video coverage of mass events in Poland and majority of other countries.
Due to efficient H.264/AVC compression it is possible to record 4CIF images (704 x 576) at 25 fps (PAL) from each channel (camera). It means that the ULTIMAX-716 M77160 (16 channels) is capable of recording up to 400 fps with 4CIF resolution.
ULTIMAX 7xx DVRs end the era of frame by frame analysis. The playback of 4CIF images at 25 fps is similar to watching quality TV transmission or a DVD film rather than the typical jumps from image to image in the previous CCTV systems.
ULTIMAX-716 has huge storage potential - after installing eight HDDs with 2000GB (2TB) capacity each, the total disc space amounts to 16 TB. It allows to create enormous archives. Even in the case of simultaneous and continuous recording of video data from all 16 channels, with 4CIF resolution and bitrate (2000 Kbps, it is enough for 500 hours, i.e. nearly 42 days and nights. Such archives would deliver DVD quality.
It is possible to test the actual frame rate by analyzing the images frame by frame and using a frame counter. Comparing the displayed time and the counter indications it is easy to prove the 25 fps rate.
Because of network operation, the priority is adequate security level. To protect the system and data against unauthorized access, there is multi-level access control, with passwords and defined privileges for local and network management (e.g. viewing images from cameras, accesses to archives, system setup). There can be defined MAC addresses of the computers capable of getting access to the DVR resources.
Network DVR: ULTIMAX-716 (H.264, 16 channels)
Rear panel of the ULTIMAX-716 M77160
The DVR enables the administrator/operator to set resolution and frame rate independently for each camera. There is possibility of defining channels that are to be recorded after triggering alarm in a camera path, with long pre- and post-alarm periods.
ULTIMAX DVRs are managed in IP networks by ULTIMAX Client software. It allows to manage (configuration and control of all functions):
ULTIMAX DVRs, ULTINET video servers, and ULTICAM cameras. More on the features of the software can be found in the article:


This site also contains files that can be downloaded: the program, user manual (full version), hard drive capacity/number calculator.
There is possibility of embedding maps (BMP files with deployment of cameras) which enable the operator of a bigger monitoring system to quickly localize the spots and manage the surveillance network.
Due to cooperation with external recorders/devices (CD/DVR, hard disc, USB flash drives) connected via USB port, it is easy to backup, review and playback the recordings.
DVR can get text/number strings through RS-232 or network port. The strings can be sent from devices such as ATM/cash machine, POS machine or others. DVR can paste the strings into the real time image and record. The same strings (entered from numeric keyboard) can be used as keys for searching the recorded files to play them back.
There are available the following ULTIMAX DVRs:
16-channel
8-channel
4-channel
The table contains comparison of the models.
Main features:
Compression
  • Up to 16 video channels (PAL/NTSC). Each channel is independent (possibility of setting different parameters, including bit and frame rates). Hardware real-time H.264 compression (PAL: 25 fps, NTSC: 30 fps).
  • Up to 16 audio channels, with OggVorbis compression (16 kbps).
  • Synchronization of video and audio compression. Choice between combined or video stream.
  • Available resolutions: 4CIF (PAL: 704x576), DCIF, 2CIF, CIF (PAL: 352x288) and QCIF .
  • Support of multi-area motion detection.
  • OSD menu, OSD information (changeable position).
  • Possibility of displaying logo (changeable position).
Local functions
Recording
  • Support of multiple types of recording, including: real-time (continuous), manual, triggered by motion detection, triggered by external alarm, motion AND alarm, motion OR alarm.
  • Support of 8 SATA HDDs (each HDD up to 2000GB).
  • Support of FAT32 file system.
  • Support of HDD S.M.A.R.T technology.
  • Support of cycle recording.
  • Possibility of backup of recorded files and clips (USB flash drive, USB HDD, USB CD-R/W, USB DVD-R/W and ultra-fast external SATA HDD).
Preview and playback
  • Main monitor - BNC (analog monitor) / VGA (VGA monitor).
  • One aux video and aux audio output.
  • Multiple preview modes.
  • Possibility of defining privacy areas.
  • View tampering alarm function for spiteful camera block.
  • Two-channel synchronous playback - play forward, backward, pause, frame by frame, etc.
  • Playback by files or by time.
  • Display of local record status.
PTZ
  • Support of many kinds of PTZ protocols.
  • Possibility of defining presets, sequences and cruises.
Alarms
  • Support of exception, motion detection, and external alarms.
Others
  • IR control.
  • RS-485 keyboard.
  • Multi-level user management.
Network operation
  • TCP, UDP, RTP, Multicast protocols for network preview.
  • PPPoE for ADSL connections.
  • PSTN for narrow band dial-up access.
  • Remote setup of parameters.
  • Alarm notification to remote monitoring center.
  • Network control of PTZ functions.
  • Network recording of real-time stream.
  • Network download and playback of recorded files.
  • Remote upgrade of firmware.
  • RS-232 supports transparent channel function so that the remote PC can use DVR to control serial devices.
  • Support of bidirectional voice communication or one-way voice broadcasting.
  • Compatibility with IE to preview and configure DVR.
  • Log of events.
Basic configuration
The top model - ULTIMAX 716 (M77160) - allows to connect (through its connectors/interfaces):
  • BNC - 16 cameras
  • BNC - 16 sound sources (e.g. microphone outputs from cameras)
  • block connector - 16 alarm circuits (sensors)
  • block connector - 4 alarm outputs (actuators etc.)
  • BNC - additional AUDIO OUT/ LINE IN (e.g. for bidirectional voice communication or one-way voice broadcasting)
  • BNC - main monitor (CVBS)
  • BNC - aux monitor (CVBS)
  • VGA - main monitor (VGA)
  • RJ-45 - Ethernet (LAN)
  • USB - USB flash drive, USB HDD, USB CD-R/W, USB DVD-R/W, mouse
  • RS-232 - devices with RS-232 interfaces
  • RS-485 - PTZ cameras
  • power - 100...240 VAC
  • GND - grounding
Basic configuration of ULTIMAX 716 (there are shown single devices only)
Comparison of 16-ch models of ULTIMAX DVRs
ModelULTIMAX-716ULTIMAX-516ULTIMAX-316
CodeM77160M75160M73160
Video compression
H.264
Live monitoring4CIF /30 FPS (PAL: 704*576, NTSC: 704*480)

Resolution of recordings

Frame rates (PAL/NTSC)

4CIF/DCIF/2CIF/CIF/QCIF

25 fps

4CIF-12 fps

2CIF/DCIF/CIF/QCIF-25 fps

2CIF-12 fps

CIF/QCIF-25 fps

Number of video inputs
16 x BNC (1.0 Vp-p, 75 Ω)
Main video output
1 x BNC (1.0 Vp-p, 75 Ω)
Aux video output
1 x BNC (1.0 Vp-p, 75 Ω)
Image refresh rates
PAL: 1/16—25 FPS, NTSC: 1/16—30 FPS
Types of data stream Video/ Video&Audio
Bitrateselectable: 32 Kbps ... 8 Mbps, or automatic

Number of audio inputs (2.0 Vp-p, 1 kΩ)

16 x BNC 16 x BNC4 x BNC
Main audio output
1 x BNC (line, 600 Ω)
Aux audio output
1 x BNC (line, 600 Ω)
Audio compression
OggVorbis, 16 Kbps
Intercom channel
1 x BNC (line, 1 KΩ)
Communication interfaces1 x RJ45: 10 Mbps / 100 Mbps (Auto) Ethernet; 1 x RJ45: RS232 Port
RS-4851 x (T+, T-, R+, R-)
Keyboard/console interface
1 x (D+, D-)
HDD interfaces

SATA

8x(max 2000GB)=16TB

SATA

8x(max.2000GB)=16TB

SATA

4x(max.2000GB)=8TB

USB interface
1 x USB1.1 (Pendrive, USB HDD, USB CD-R/W, USB DVD, USB mouse)
VGA interface1 x D-sub: 800×600/60 Hz, 800×600/75 Hz, 1024×768/60 Hz
Number of alarm inputs16
Number of alarm outputs
4
Power100 ... 240 VAC , 6.3 A, 50 ... 60 Hz
Power consumption
20 ... 42 W (without discs or additional devices)
Operating temperature -10 ... 55 ºC
Operating humidity10 ... 90%
Dimensions

19” rack

(450x450x95mm)

19” rack

(450x450x95mm)

14.25” rack

(440x390x70mm)

Weight≤8 kg (without discs or additional devices)
Comparison of 8-ch models of ULTIMAX DVRs
ModelULTIMAX-708ULTIMAX-508ULTIMAX-308
CodeM77080M75080M73080
Video compression
H.264
Live monitoring4CIF 25 FPS (PAL: 704*576)
Resolution of recording (each channel) & frame rate4CIF 25 fps4CIF 12 fps2CIF 10 fps
2CIF 25 fps2CIF 25 fpsCIF/QCIF 25 fps
CIF/QCIF fpsCIF/QCIF 25 fps 
Number of video inputs8 x BNC (1.0 Vp-p, 75 Ω)
Main video output
1 x BNC (1.0 Vp-p, 75 Ω)
Aux video output
1 x BNC (1.0 Vp-p, 75 Ω)
Frame rates
PAL: 1/16—25 FPS, NTSC: 1/16—30 FPS
Types of data streamVideo/ Video&AudioVideo
BitrateSelectable from 32 Kbps ... 8 Mbps, automatic, self-definition
Audio inputs
8 x BNC (2.0 Vp-p, 1 kΩ)- - - - - - - -
Main audio output
1 x BNC (600 Ω, linear)- - - - - - - -
Aux audio output
1 x BNC (600 Ω, linear)- - - - - - - -
Audio compression
OggVorbis, 16 Kbps- - - - - - - -
Intercom channel1 x BNC (1 KΩ, linear)- - - - - - - -
Communication interfaces1 x RJ45 10 Mb / 100 Mb (Auto) Ethernet 1 RJ45 RS232 Port
RS-4851 x (T+, T-, R+, R-)
Keyboard/console interface1 x (D+, D-)
HDD interfacesSATA 8 x (max. 2000 GB) = 16 TBSATA 8 x (max. 2000 GB) = 16 TBSATA 4 x (max. 2000 GB) = 8 TB
USB interface
1 x USB1.1 (Pendrive, USB HDD, USB CD-R/W, USB DVD, mysz USB)
VGA interface
1 x D-sub: 800×600/60 Hz, 800×600/75 Hz, 1024×768/60 Hz
Number of alarm inputs8
Number of alarm outputs
4
PowerAC 100 ... 240 V, 6.3 A, 50 ... 60 Hz
Power consumption
20 ... 42 W (without discs or additional devices)
Operating temperature-10 ... 55ºC
Operating humidity10 ... 90%
Dimensions19” rack (450x450x95mm)19” rack (450x450x95mm)14.25” rack (440x390x70mm)
Weight≤8 kg (without discs or additional devices)
Comparison of 4-ch models of ULTIMAX DVRs
ModelULTIMAX-504ULTIMAX-304ULTIMAX-204/ ULTIMAX-104
CodeM75040M73040 M72040/ M71040
Video compression
H.264
Live monitoring4CIF 25 FPS (PAL: 704*576)
Resolution of recording (each channel) & frame rate4CIF 12 fps2CIF 11 fps 4CIF 6 fps
2CIF 25 fpsCIF/QCIF 25 fps 2CIF 12 fps
CIF/QCIF 25 fps
  CIF/QCIF 25fps
Number of video inputs
4 x BNC (1.0 Vp-p, 75 Ω)
Main video output
1 x BNC (1.0 Vp-p, 75 Ω)
Aux video output- - - -
Frame rates
PAL: 1/16—25 FPS, NTSC: 1/16—30 FPS
Types of data stream
Video/ Video&Audio
BitrateSelectable from 32 Kbps ... 8 Mbps, automatic, self-definition
Audio inputs
4 x BNC (2.0 Vp-p, 1 kΩ) 4 x RCA
 1 x RCA
Main audio output
1 x BNC (600 Ω, linear) 1 x RCA
 1 x RCA
Aux audio output
- - - -
Audio compression
OggVorbis, 16 Kbps
Intercom channel
1 x BNC (1 KΩ, linear)- - - - - - - -
Communication interfaces1 x RJ45 (10 Mb / 100 Mb (Auto) Ethernet), 1 x RJ45 (RS232 Port)
RS-4851 x (T+, T-, R+, R-)
Keyboard/console interface1 x (D+, D-)
HDD interfacesSATA 4 x (max. 2000 GB) = 8 TBSATA 4 x (max. 2000 GB) = 8 TB 
USB interface
1 x USB1.1 (Pendrive, USB HDD, USB CD-R/W, USB DVD, USB mouse)
VGA interface
1 x D-sub: 800×600/60 Hz, 800×600/75 Hz, 1024×768/60 Hz
Number of alarm inputs4
Number of alarm outputs2 2 1
PowerAC 100 ... 240 V, 6.3 A, 50 ... 60 Hz AC 100 ... 240 V, 6.3 A, 50 ... 60 Hz 
Power consumption
20 ... 42 W (without discs or additional devices) 20 ... 42 W (without discs or additional devices) Less than 10W  (without discs or additional devices)
Operating temperature-10 ... 55 ºC
Operating humidity
10 ... 90 %
Dimensions19” rack (450x450x95mm)14.25” rack (440x390x70mm) 315x230x45 mm
Weight≤8 kg (without discs or additional devices) ≤8 kg (without discs or additional devices) ≤3 kg (without discs or additional devices)
 Control panel
 YES YES YES / NO
DVRs of 300, 200, and 100 series do not support Dual Stream function (transmission of two streams with independently determined parameters).
Why H.264?
Kind of video compression is one of the key factors influencing the overall quality of recorded video. M-JPEG and M-JPEG 2000 systems, where each video frame is separately compressed as a JPEG image, are usually used for low frame rates, offering single frames of high quality (e.g. from megapixel cameras). Recording of dynamic scenes requires efficient difference algorithms that are implemented in MPEG wavelet compression systems.

The diagrams below present rough comparison of some parameters (for similar image quality) when using different versions of MPEG compression (implemented in different DVRs). It is clear that H.264 algorithms, used in 3rd generation DVRs, ensure the best results - the lowest bandwidth and disc space requirements, the shortest download time. The parameters are about 30% better than in the case of "normal" MPEG-4 compression.
H.264 is currently the only compression that allows to build 16-channel DVRs capable of recording 4CIF video (PAL 704x576) at frame rate 25 fps, as well as providing effective network transmission of live and recorded images.
Bandwidth requirements

Disc space requirements

Download time

Comparison of different versions of MPEG compression
Why RTOS (Real Time Operating System)?
Operating system is the core of every digital recording device. It determines the overall quality and stability of the device. In industrial applications of computers, operating system decides on the sequence and way of performing the tasks. For RTOS it is important to take into consideration the time factor - positive result of operations depends not only on the sequence, but also on the time of completion. The example is conversion and compression of analog video signals. Recording of the signals in digital form (with set parameters: resolution, frame rate, number of channels) is a priority and has to be performed in real time. Any delay will cause loss of video data (e.g. several video frames). Real-time algorithms enable the system to perform critical tasks in precisely defined periods of time. In practice - DVR will delay less important operations (e.g. playback of archives) to ensure proper recording of video even with the maximum quality requirements. DVRs that are not equipped with RTOS systems simply decrease recording parameters, e.g. frame rate, losing some information.
Advantages of OggVorbis compression (audio, 16 kbps)
  • Ogg Vorbis for the same file size (or stream) provides better quality than MP3 (e.g. Ogg Vorbis 128 Kbps quality is similar to MP3 160 kbps),
  • Ogg Vorbis can support up to 255 channels, can use more than 16-bit coding, and sampling frequencies from 6 kHz to 48 kHz,
  • Ogg Vorbis is ideal for voice compression.